Build Back Better

IRP provides recovery guidance and comprehensive library of recovery resources to support the practice of disaster recovery and building back better.
Post-Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA)
ILO teams assess damage wreaked by Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in Tacloban in the Philippines

A Post-Disaster Needs Assessment and Recovery Framework (PDNA/RF) together comprise an approach to harmonize the assessment, analysis and prioritization of damages, losses and needs by a range of stakeholders (United Nations agencies and programmes, the World Bank, donors, non-governmental organizations) in support of the national government.

PDNA is a government-led exercise, with integrated support from the United Nations, the European Commission, the World Bank and other national and international actors. A PDNA pulls together information into a single, consolidated report, information on the physical impacts of a disaster, the economic value of the damages and losses, the human impacts as experienced by the affected population, and the resulting early and long-term recovery needs and priorities.

A Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) encompasses two perspectives: (i) the valuation of physical damages and economic losses; and, (ii) the identification of human recovery needs based on information obtained from the affected population. These perspectives are integrated into a single assessment process to support the identification and selection of response options covering recovery interventions from early- to long-term recovery in a Recovery Framework (RF).

A PDNA should commence as soon as possible after the disaster onset, ideally within the first weeks. A first objective for the PDNA is to support the elaboration of the Recovery Framework in time for the revision of a humanitarian flash appeal - normally within five to six weeks following the onset of a disaster. This provides the foundation for more in-depth assessments, ongoing recovery and transition to development as the Recovery Framework continues to be more fully elaborated. Needs identified by the PDNA beyond national capacity may be used as an evidence base for the mobilization of further international resources in support of recovery, e.g. in connection with an international donor conference in response to the disaster.

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2018
This guidance note was drafted to document lessons learned in the three project countries (Nepal, Sri Lanka, Côte d'Ivoire) and in doing so, it provides a step-by-step practical guide for countries in post-crisis situations to undertake Post-Crisis Integrated Strategic Environmental Assessments (Integrated SEA). The Integrated SEA approach builds upon current SEA practices, while placing greater emphasis on integrating disaster risk and climate change impacts into a participatory data collection, mapping and planning process.
United Nations Environment Programme Climate and Pollution Agency, Norwegian Ministry of the Environment
2016
FEMA's Damage Assessment Operations Manual is intended to expedite decision-making and the delivery of assistance by defining national standards for assessing damage and clearly outlining the information considered when evaluating requests for a major disaster declaration.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
2010
This guideline illustrates how to derive the financial needs for recovery and reconstruction. This is done following a sector by sector damage and loss assessment, which itemizes distribution and priority setting based on geopolitical divisions, sectors of the economy, and different population groupings in the affected area. It also explains how to formulate a calendar of investments and to identify distribution channels for funding.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
2010
This guideline is for World Bank Task Team Leaders (TTLs) entrusted with the design and execution of assessments to determine disaster impacts as well as post-disaster needs for recovery, reconstruction and disaster risk reduction or management. It is based on experience when the World Bank has led or participated in similar exercises to assist member states affected by disasters. It is intended to facilitate the work of TTLs and to provide a framework for the identification of post-disaster needs.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
2012
This part of the PDNA handbook is intended to guide the disaster risk reduction assessment team in the post-disaster needs assessment. The guidance provided is for assessing DRR from the broader perspective as it relates to recovery planning and response, and does not include sector-specific DRR considerations such as livelihoods, education, health, land and property.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
2018
This Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) review is the first instance of the participating institutions assessing the demonstrated effectiveness of PDNAs as the practice has evolved over the 55 post-disaster assessments conducted since 2008.
World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters European Commission Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
2018
This Methodology Note was prepared to inform governments and other key stakeholders who are involved in post-disaster damage assessment, relief, and recovery phases about the utility and outputs of the GRADE approach. To prioritize and plan for overall reconstruction and specific interventions, stakeholders require approaches that provide a more in-depth assessment, with an engineering focus, than GRADE provides. However, before in-depth assessments are undertaken, it is critical to build the required sectoral baseline information for the design of rehabilitation and reconstruction plans. The GRADE approach provides this information, as it is based on an assessment of vulnerability and damage distribution of the affected infrastructure and assets.
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
2017
This handbook provides an overview of innovations in disaster rapid assessment. It is aimed at disaster managers, post-disaster assessment analysts and field staff collecting data.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
2017
This reports serves as guidance for conducting a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and for assessing DRR from a broader perspective as it relates to recovery planning and response. The DRR assessment focuses on those policies, institutions and practices related to DRR and to building back better that are not covered by other sectoral assessments, such as the national institutions specifically responsible for DRR, national policies on DRR or specialised emergency response institutions.
World Bank, the
2017
The following section of the PDNA Handbook describes the manner in which macroeconomic disaster impact may be estimated on the basis of a quantification of the destruction of assets and disruption of socio-economic activities caused by disasters of any kind and origin.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
Items: 63
2011 lao pdr pdna
2011
This report covers the damage and losses in key sectors following Typhoon Haima in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The report also provides a strategic framework for Disaster Risk Management and recovery.
Lao People's Democratic Republic - government United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
thai floods pdna
2011
This report outlines the damage and loss estimates, social and economic impacts, and proposed strategies for resilient recovery and reconstruction planning in the aftermath of the 2011 Thailand Floods.
Thailand - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations - Headquarters
2011 pakistan floods pdna
2011
This Damage and Needs Assessment provides a summary of the damage caused by the 2011 flood in Pakistan and what is necessary for recovery in each sector, including housing, education, and infrastructure.
Pakistan - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Asian Development Bank United Nations - Headquarters
2011 Bhutan PDNA
2011
This Joint Rapid Assessment presents an overall assessment of the damage and loss following the 2011 earthquake in Bhutan. A framework for early recovery, reconstruction, and disaster risk reduction is also presented in the latter section of this Assessment.
Bhutan - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations - Headquarters
Typhoons Ondoy and Pepeng 2009 the Philippines Post-Disaster Needs Assessment Main Report
2009
This Post-Disaster Needs Assessment analysis covers damages, losses, and economic and social impacts from Ondoy and Pepeng, providing a basis for determining recovery and reconstruction needs.
Philippines - government Asian Development Bank United Nations - Headquarters Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters World Bank, the
Typhoon Ketsana 2009 Lao PDR Damage Loss and Needs Assessment
2009
This PDNA addresses the damages and losses registered in a number of sectors impacted by Typhoon Ketsana, and identifies resource needs in the medium and longer term to address the urgent requirements for recovery and restoration of the livelihoods of the affected population
Lao People's Democratic Republic - government World Bank, the Asian Development Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters Association of South East Asian Nations Australian Agency for International Development Asian Disaster Preparedness Center
Typhoon Ketsana 2009 Cambodia Post-Ketsana Disaster Needs Assessment Part I Main Report
2009
The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) evaluates the damages and losses registered in a number of sectors, affected by the Ketsana Typhoon, and addresses medium- and longer term needs for recovery, high-resilience reconstruction and sustainable restoration of livelihoods of the affected population.
Cambodia - government World Bank, the United Nations - Headquarters United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters Asian Development Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
El Salvador PDNA
2009
This assessment provides estimates of the impacts of floods and landslides caused by heavy rain in El Salvador in 2009, and the estimated costs of reconstruction and recovery.
El Salvador - government World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Floods 2009 Senegal Post Disaster Needs Assessment -FR
2009
This post-disaster needs assessment estimates the costs of recovery and reconstruction resulting from the impacts of the August 2009 floods in Dakar, Sengal.
Senegal - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters European Union
Floods 2009 Namibia Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA)
2009
This Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) assesses the level of damage and losses incurred as a result of the flooding, and to provide a preliminary assessment of recovery and reconstruction options that could provide the affected population with a safer environment in the face of future natural events such as droughts and floods.
Namibia - government World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters European Union
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tropical storm sendong pdna
2012
This PDNA aims to assess the damage, losses, and needs for recovery in key social, infrastructure, and productive sectors as a result of the tropical storm Sendong. Policy and program recommendations for governance and disaster risk reduction are also provided in this PDNA.
Philippines - government
2012 Malawi Floods PDNA
2012
This assessment provides the recovery, reconstruction, and Disaster Risk Reduction needs in the various sectors affected by the floods in Nsanje District. A section in the assessment provides recommended actions to improve the PDNA process in Malawi, and the guiding principles for the recovery framework.
Malawi - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters
2010 uganda drought pdna
2012
This assessment covers the losses and damage caused by the rainfall deficits, the priority and needs for recovery and reconstruction, and the proposed steps necessary for disaster risk management.
Uganda - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters
2011 lao pdr pdna
2011
This report covers the damage and losses in key sectors following Typhoon Haima in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The report also provides a strategic framework for Disaster Risk Management and recovery.
Lao People's Democratic Republic - government United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the
thai floods pdna
2011
This report outlines the damage and loss estimates, social and economic impacts, and proposed strategies for resilient recovery and reconstruction planning in the aftermath of the 2011 Thailand Floods.
Thailand - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations - Headquarters
2011 pakistan floods pdna
2011
This Damage and Needs Assessment provides a summary of the damage caused by the 2011 flood in Pakistan and what is necessary for recovery in each sector, including housing, education, and infrastructure.
Pakistan - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Asian Development Bank United Nations - Headquarters
2011 Bhutan PDNA
2011
This Joint Rapid Assessment presents an overall assessment of the damage and loss following the 2011 earthquake in Bhutan. A framework for early recovery, reconstruction, and disaster risk reduction is also presented in the latter section of this Assessment.
Bhutan - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations - Headquarters
St vincent and grenadines pdna cover
2021
These documents present the background, context, effects, impact, recovery needs and recovery strategy of the devastation of the La Soufrière Volcanic Eruption on St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) within the context of a Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - government World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters European Union
West Sumatra Earthquake 2009 Indonesia Damage Loss and Preliminary Needs Assessment
2009
This report presents the assessment of the damage, losses and human recovery needs resulting from the earthquakes in West Sumatra and Jambi.
Indonesia - government National Agency for Disaster Management (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana)
Typhoons Ondoy and Pepeng 2009 the Philippines Post-Disaster Needs Assessment Main Report
2009
This Post-Disaster Needs Assessment analysis covers damages, losses, and economic and social impacts from Ondoy and Pepeng, providing a basis for determining recovery and reconstruction needs.
Philippines - government Asian Development Bank United Nations - Headquarters Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters World Bank, the