Recovery Collection: Cyclones Idai and Kenneth 2019


Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall near Beira City, Mozambique on 14 March 2019, bringing strong winds and severe flooding in Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. Cyclone Idai killed approximately 1303 and affected more than three million people. Cyclone Idai was followed one month later by Tropical Cyclone Kenneth, which made landfall in Mozambique as the strongest cyclone to ever hit the African continent.

Recovery needs in the wake of the damage caused by consecutive cyclones continue to be significant. Post-disaster needs assessments following Cyclones Idai and Kenneth and the ensuing floods estimate total recovery needs for Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi at $3.2 billion USD, $767 million USD and $370.5 million USD, respectively. The government of Mozambique stood up a new agency, Gabinete de Reconstrução Pós-Idai and Kenneth (GREPOC), to oversee recovery efforts.

In Mozambique alone, more than 240,000 homes were partially or completely destroyed. Early in the recovery phase, GREPOC completed research to build back stronger, cyclone-resistant homes to guide reconstruction efforts, but for many, access, affordability and know-how remain a challenge for resilient reconstruction. For others, the governments are exploring resettlement to locations safe from landslides and flooding, but these efforts can be complicated by resettlement areas requiring infrastructure, and lacking connectivity with a community’s livelihoods, families, culture and other needs. Damage caused by the cyclones and floods to the agriculture sector exacerbated food insecurity in the immediate term, and presented significant recovery needs for restoring livelihoods. The cyclones and floods caused significant damage to core infrastructure. In Mozambique the PDNA estimates that nearly 30 percent of the national road network was damaged and 20 bridges were damaged or destroyed. Electricity, water, hospitals, schools and telecommunications core infrastructure also suffered significant damage.

Items: 13
The objective of the PDNA was to quantify the damage and loss resulting from the effects of heavy rains, floods and strong winds associated with Tropical Cyclone Idai, and to estimate the recovery and reconstruction needs.
World Bank, the United Nations - Headquarters Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Malawi - government
The Zimbabwe Rapid Impact and Needs Assessment (RINA) is an effort to assess and quantify cyclone recovery and resilience building needs across ten sectors.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Zimbabwe - government
This report summarizes the identified damage, loss and recovery needs across 16 socio-economic sectors in the affected provinces and discusses a recovery strategy that will be further developed by the Cabinet for the Reconstruction of Post-Cyclone Idai.
World Bank, the United Nations - Headquarters Mozambique - government African Development Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the