Post Disaster Needs Assessment Guidelines Volume B - Transport
The Transport Sector, in accordance with the most recent International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities of the world-wide System of National Accounts includes the following set of activities to move both persons and cargo:
- Road transport
- Railroad transport
- Pipeline transport
- Air transport
- Transport support, including airports, ports, tunnels, bridges, etc.
- Postal services
As in other sectors of economic and social activity, the Transport Sector may sustain destruction of its physical assets – infrastructure and vehicles – (damage) and changes in its production flows, which may include both decline in production and higher production costs.
The Transport Sector is so vast and complex that in many countries several governmental bodies – ministries or other offices – may have to cover it, depending on each country´s size and governmental structure; and such government bodies may exist both at national and sub-national levels.
This chapter describes the procedure to assess the effects of a disaster on the Transport Sector, following the traditional methodology originally developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC), further developed by the World Bank´s Global Facility for Disaster Recovery and Reduction (GFDRR) , and now expanded and adopted by the PDNA. Application of the methodology enables the assessment of disasters’ economic and social impact on the Transport Sector, and the estimation of post-disaster needs for recovery and reconstruction.
This volume of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment Guidelines is available in English, French, and Russian.