Recovery Collection: Cyclone Gita 2018

Cyclone Gita

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita formed in early February 2018 and developed into a category 4 cyclone, affecting multiple countries in the Pacific region. Tonga was hardest-hit, incurring severe damage. TC Gita ravaged the main island of Tongatapu and ‘Eua bringing severe rainfall and flooding, and affected nearly 80,000 people, around 80 percent of Tonga’s total population.

The government of Tonga conducted a post-disaster rapid assessment which showed the total economic value of damage and losses estimated at T$356.1 million (equivalent to US$164.1 million), about 37.8 percent of the nominal gross domestic product of Tonga. While TC Gita brought significant damage to many sectors, the housing sector was most affected, accounting for 61 percent of the total damage. TC Gita destroyed approximately 4,000 houses and infrastructure including power lines, schools, and public buildings such as domestic airports. The agriculture sector accounted for 82 percent of the total losses. The impact was significant on food security since agriculture and fisheries are the main sources of livelihood for 75 percent of Tonga’s population and because of the high rate of subsistence food production among Pacific Island countries.

The government of Tonga aims to achieve recovery with greater resilience to climate change and other natural hazards, focusing on built environment to be cost-effective, accessible, and integrated infrastructure. For example, the electric power lines are moved into underground, upgrading the technical standard so that the future so that the future cyclones will not damage the critical infrastructure. Aligning with the build back better principle, the Tongan government also aims to support increasing farmers’ resilience to similar future shocks and reestablishing food security in affected areas.

Items: 27
ADB Resilient Infrastructure Project Snapshot Tonga Cyclone Gita Recovery Project
This report is a brief summary of Asian Development Bank's Resilient Infrastructure Project to support Tonga for its recovery from the 2018 Cyclone Gita.
Asian Development Bank
An Overview of Climate and Disaster Risk Financing Options for Pacific Island Countries
This report summarises the types of financial instruments as well as specific products and arrangements that are available to support climate and disaster risk management objectives in Pacific island countries (PICs).
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
TONGA Disaster Risk Financing Strategy 2021 - 2025
This disaster risk finance strategy brings together various ongoing and planned efforts from different sectors to quantify, reduce, and mitigate disaster-related financial risk.
Tonga - government Government of the Kingdom of Tonga
Pacific labour market review 2020
This report presents a baseline assessment of the labour market situation in the Pacific Island countries completed prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.
International Labour Organization
Economic Impacts of Natural Hazards on Vulnerable Populations in TONGA
This document aims to capture the impact and vulnerabilities of different groups and sectors, including agriculture and fisheries, tourism, housing and settlements, low-income and informal workers, women, and youth to natural hazards in Tonga.
United Nations Capital Development Fund
The aim of this article is to present a procedure for the updating of boundary conditions of the hydrodynamic model, based on UAV‐born data.
Journal of Flood Risk Management (Wiley)
Gender equality Where do we stand
This publication is aimed to assess and evaluate progress toward gender equality in Tonga using the framework of the Revised National Policy on Gender and Development.
Tonga - government Government of the Kingdom of Tonga Secretariat of the Pacific Community
Small Island Mapping with UAVs
This report is intended for local technological agencies of island nations that work to operationalize UAVs as a standard data collection tool.
World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Open Data for Resilience Initiative
Natural Disasters and Trade Study I
This report presents the impact of natural disasters on trade, providing findings on the frequency, risk factors and trade effects of natural disasters and examining the experience of six disaster-affected WTO Members across three different regions.
World Trade Organization
This working paper describes the current situation of disaster risk finance in the countries in the Pacific Islands, examines the insurability, assesses some of the key challenges, and suggests components of insurance coverage that are relevant to the Pacific Islands.
Center for Global Development