Recovery Collection: Cyclone Gita 2018

Image
Cyclone Gita

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita formed in early February 2018 and developed into a category 4 cyclone, affecting multiple countries in the Pacific region. Tonga was hardest-hit, incurring severe damage. TC Gita ravaged the main island of Tongatapu and ‘Eua bringing severe rainfall and flooding, and affected nearly 80,000 people, around 80 percent of Tonga’s total population.

The government of Tonga conducted a post-disaster rapid assessment which showed the total economic value of damage and losses estimated at T$356.1 million (equivalent to US$164.1 million), about 37.8 percent of the nominal gross domestic product of Tonga. While TC Gita brought significant damage to many sectors, the housing sector was most affected, accounting for 61 percent of the total damage. TC Gita destroyed approximately 4,000 houses and infrastructure including power lines, schools, and public buildings such as domestic airports. The agriculture sector accounted for 82 percent of the total losses. The impact was significant on food security since agriculture and fisheries are the main sources of livelihood for 75 percent of Tonga’s population and because of the high rate of subsistence food production among Pacific Island countries.

The government of Tonga aims to achieve recovery with greater resilience to climate change and other natural hazards, focusing on built environment to be cost-effective, accessible, and integrated infrastructure. For example, the electric power lines are moved into underground, upgrading the technical standard so that the future so that the future cyclones will not damage the critical infrastructure. Aligning with the build back better principle, the Tongan government also aims to support increasing farmers’ resilience to similar future shocks and reestablishing food security in affected areas.

Items: 6
2020
The aim of this article is to present a procedure for the updating of boundary conditions of the hydrodynamic model, based on UAV‐born data.
Journal of Flood Risk Management (Wiley)
2019
This working paper describes the current situation of disaster risk finance in the countries in the Pacific Islands, examines the insurability, assesses some of the key challenges, and suggests components of insurance coverage that are relevant to the Pacific Islands.
Center for Global Development
2019
This paper, prepared as a sectoral note for the Lifelines report on infrastructure resilience, investigates the vulnerability of the power system to natural hazards and climate change, and provides recommendations to increase its resilience.
World Bank, the
A new UNESCAP report analyses the impact of disasters on SIDS and maps out the impact on a cluster of SDGs. While the Pacific SIDS are heavily reliant on ocean resources, most of the disasters that affect them are oceanogenic. To build resilient SIDS, there is a need to connect the dots - science, geospatial data, statistics, and policy interfaces.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Many rural Tongan women are tackling the various challenges wrought by this year's Cyclone Gita - one of the worst storms to pass Tonga in 60 years - with hard work and leadership. With the help of UN Women, they are responding to the needs of the community, self-mobilizing and connecting with the private sector to secure resources.
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
2018
Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita passed over the Tongatapu and ‘Eua island groups around 11 pm on Monday February 12, 2018. This post-disaster rapid assessment summarizes damages and losses to several different sectors, human and social impacts, and recovery and reconstruction needs,
Tonga - government Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the