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2011 Pakistan Floods - Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment
Pakistan, in the midst of recovery from the 2010 floods that affected 20 million people, experienced another series of severe flooding in August 2011. In Lower Punjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, State of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, and Gilgit-Baltistan, torrential rainfall during the monsoon season led to flashfloods and overflowing in rivers and irrigation and drainage channels. As of January 2012, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) estimated that the floods affected around 9.6 million people. 520 people were killed and more than 1180 were injured. The floods caused severe damage to infrastructure in the affected areas, and around 744,000 people were displaced. Agriculture was one sector that was particularly affected, due to the damage of over a million acres of crops and agricultural lands.
This DNA provides a summary of the damage caused by the flood and what is needed for restoration and reconstruction for different sectors, including: housing, health, education, and social protection. The assessment includes a section reporting on critical social issues, including the flood’s disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations, such as women and socially marginalized groups. The final section of this DNA presents several guiding principles for post-floods reconstruction, recovery planning, prioritization, and programming.