On 8 March, in consideration of the impact of the heavy rains, floods and strong winds associated with Tropical Cyclone Idai, the Government of Malawi (“the Government”) declared a State of Disaster in the 13 districts and two cities in the Southern Region and two districts in the Central Region. To enable a full understanding of the effects and impact of the disaster, the Government, in line with international best practice, initiated a Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) to inform recovery and resilience interventions.
This PDNA was organized around a number of sectors and subsectors, as follows:
- The social sector (housing, health and nutrition, education).
- The productive sector (agriculture: crops, livestock, irrigation, and fisheries; and commerce and industry).
- The infrastructure sector (transport, energy, water supply and sanitation, and water resources).
- Cross cutting issues (disaster risk reduction, DRR; environmental water systems; EWS, environment; social protection).
In addition, the PDNA conducted both a macro-economic impact analysis and a human development impact analysis. The PDNA is structured according to the disaster's effects and impacts, damage and loss, a recovery strategy, and key recommendations for resilience building.