This report focuses on an assessment of damage and medium- to long-term reconstruction costs. It suggests governance and institutional arrangements for implementing the reconstruction program along with an overview of cross-cutting approaches that should be taken into consideration, including social and environmental aspects, and disaster risk management and climate change considerations. It highlights the lack of disaster preparedness awareness, sensitization and education regarding localized hazard and flood risk reduction, emergency preparedness and response functions; and advocates to ensure the incorporation of disaster risk reduction considerations in the design of the reconstruction programmes, where appropriate, especially in the housing sector.
The report consists of preliminary sections that contextualize the disaster by describing the background to the 2010 floods as well as Pakistan's social and economic context. The report then introduces guiding principles for reconstruction and explains in greater detail the methodology used to conduct the assessment. Next, the macro-economic impact of the floods is presented followed by a summary of the damage and needs for each sector. The detailed sector analyses can be found in the annexes to this report. Each sector analysis gives a breakdown of damage and needs for each province as well as outlining sector-specific strategies for reconstruction.