This Post-Flood and Landslide Needs Assessment (PFLNA) determines the impact of, and recovery and reconstruction needs following, the devastating floods that hit Myanmar in July and August 2015. The assessment was ley by the Government of Myanmar and supported by the European Union, United Nations agencies, the World Bank, and other development partners. The assessment adopted a multi-sectoral and multidisciplinary approach for assessing disaster impacts and prioritizing recovery and reconstruction needs.
Key Findings of the PFLNA include:
- An estimated 1.6 million people were displaced from their homes and 132 lost their lives.
- The cost of destruction is equivalent to 3.1% of Myanmar’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014/2015
- GDP growth could drop by 0.8% in 2015/2016 if recovery efforts are not undertaken. The hardest hit sectors include agriculture, livestock, fisheries, and housing, accounting for about 90% of total disaster losses. Damaged were 20% of cultivated areas, equivalent to 4.2% of agricultural GDP
- Private enterprises, individual homeowners, and farmers were the most affected and had to bear the damages and production losses themselves, many with limited financial capacity and nearly no insurance coverage
- Ayeyarwady, Sagaing, and Bago states sustained the highest value of damages and production losses
- Chin residents experienced the most damages and losses of up to 132,560 Kyat ($115) per person, closely followed by Rakhine residents at 105,665 Kyat ($92)
- The floods and landslides has triggered widespread decline in the quality of life for the disaster-affected population, especially for more vulnerable population groups like women, children and the elderly.