Recovery Collection: Nepal: Gorkha Earthquake 2015

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The Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal occurred on 25 April 2015 and had a magnitude of 7.6. Its epicentre was about 76km northwest of the capital Kathmandu. It was followed by more than 300 aftershocks. Around 9,000 people were killed, of whom approximately 55 per cent were female, and over 100,000 people were injured. Overall eight million people have been impacted, which is almost one-third of the population of Nepal.

The housing sector was by far the most affected, also given that numerous houses in poorer rural areas did not have any seismic-resistant features. Over 500,000 houses were destroyed and another 269,000 damaged, which included historical and cultural monuments recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In addition to destroyed or damaged key infrastructure livelihoods, e.g. in the agriculture and tourism sector, have been also critically impacted. According to the Post Disaster Needs Assessment by the UN, World Bank and the EU the total value of the damages and losses of the disaster was estimated at US$7.1 billion, while the estimated needs for recovery were US$ 6.7 billion. The damages and losses of the housing sub-sector and the resulting recovery needs accounted for almost half of the total amount respectively.

According to the latest Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring by the Asia Foundation around five years after the earthquake the large majority of the affected people live again in their own houses. Out of all households with damaged houses three-quarters now live in either a rebuilt or repaired house or another house not damaged by the earthquake. However, others continue to occupy damaged houses or those without seismic-resistant features. For many households the recovery from the earthquake remains a financial burden, demonstrated by prevalent borrowing. Four per cent who are still living in temporary shelters are in particular need of support.

 

Items: 37
2018
This document presents a timeline of key points so far in the 2015 Nepal earthquake housing recovery. Analysis of the timeline infersthat there is a limited time during the year when construction is possible - as a result of cold, snow, storms and rain.
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This report is an overview of points raised by the HRRP at stakeholder consultation meeting with the World Bank held on the 24 July 2018, following reconstruction after the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This report comments on a survey that was carried out by the HRRP in relation to reconstruction after the Nepal earthquake in 2015, following the election of local officials at ward and municipal level in 2017.
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This report presents the findings of two rounds of HRRP data collection on the production and use of Hollow Concrete Blocks (HCBs) across the districts affected by the 25 April 2015 Gorkha earthquake.
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
In response to the Gorkha Earthquake which struck Nepal on 25 April 2015, this report documents the status of temporary shelters across the 14 districts most affected by the earthquake. It also explores the reconstruction issues and challenges that affect families that are in temporary shelter, as well as assessing their needs in terms of further temporary shelter support. 
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This research collects and documents the experiences of women in reconstruction at community level, district level, and national level after the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal. 
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This status paper has been prepared by HRRP with the objective of providing a snapshot of progress in urban reconstruction to date, the challenges and opportunities in urban reconstruction, and some suggestions for next steps in Nepal
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2018
This report focuses on the moderately, or less, affected districts; those in the ‘hit with heavy losses’, ‘hit’, and ‘slightly affected’ categories of the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal. Comparing the grant disbursement data for the 14 most affected districts and the 18 moderately affected districts it is clear that there is a big difference in the progress between the two groups.
Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform
2016
This report examines the information provision by humanitarian responses and their communication to and with girls and boys affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
Plan Sweden
2018
To understand what mattered for recovery in the short and long-term, this study followed the same households 10 weeks, one year and two years after the Gorkha earthquake in Nepal. The analysis will explore what factors mattered most for short-term coping and longterm recovery in order to improve humanitarian response and design of recovery programs in the aftermath of acute disasters.
Mercy Corps